How Your Body Uses Glucose and Insulin

关于胰岛素和高血糖

Diabetes is a problem with your body t hat causes blood glucose (also called blood sugar) levels to rise higher than normal.这也被称为高血糖症。

When you eat,your body breaks food down into glucose and sends it into the blood.然后胰岛素帮助葡萄糖从血液中转移到你的细胞中。When glucose enters your cells,it is either used as fuel for energy right away or stored for later use.对于糖尿病患者,there is a problem with insulin.但是,不是每个糖尿病患者都有同样的问题。

有不同类型的糖尿病1型,type 2,and gestational diabetes.如果你有糖尿病,your body either doesn't make enough insulin,不能用胰岛素,它确实很好,或者两者兼而有之。

1型

in type 1 diabetes,你的免疫系统错误地将胰腺中产生胰岛素的β细胞视为外来入侵物并将其破坏。This can happen over a few weeks,months,或年。

When enough beta cells are gone,你的胰腺停止分泌胰岛素,or makes so little insulin that you need to take insulin to live.1型糖尿病最常发生在年轻人身上,但也可出现在成年人身上。

2型

如果你患有2型糖尿病,你的身体不能正确使用胰岛素。这叫做胰岛素抵抗。起初,the beta cells make extra insulin to make up for it.但是,随着时间的推移,你的胰腺不能产生足够的胰岛素来保持血糖在正常水平。2型糖尿病最常发生在中年和老年人身上,但也可出现在年轻人身上。

有些2型糖尿病患者可以通过健康的饮食和锻炼来控制他们的糖尿病。然而,your doctor may need to also prescribe oral medications (pills) and/or insulin to help you meet your target blood glucose levels.糖尿病是一种进步的疾病。Even if you don't need to treat your diabetes with medications at first,you may need to over time.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is diabetes that develops during pregnancy.对大多数女性来说,出生后血糖水平恢复正常。如果你患有GDM,你将需要定期进行检查,因为你以后患2型糖尿病的风险更高。

What Affects My Blood Glucose Levels??

了解什么能使血糖升高或降低是很重要的,所以你可以采取措施保持目标。

Things that can make blood glucose rise:

  • A meal or snack with more food or more carbohydrates than usual
  • Inactivity
  • 药物的副作用
  • Infection or other illness
  • 激素水平的变化,such as during menstrual periods
  • 强调

Things that can make blood glucose fall:

  • 比平常少食物或碳水化合物的食物或零食
  • Extra activity
  • Side effects of other medications
  • Missing a meal or snack
  • 喝含酒精的饮料(特别是空腹时)

了解糖尿病测试

  • Last Reviewed: October 7,二千零九
  • Last Edited: August 30,2018

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糖尿病预测